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揭秘新托业听力阅读考试改革题型

2018-05-21 17:01:53 编辑:林冰冰 浏览:(307次)

美国新泽西普林斯顿(2018年1月23日)—托业®考试的研发机构美国教育考试服务中心(ETS)宣布改革托业听力与阅读考试的考题形式。这一改革在2018年4月15号的新托业公开考试中已正式实施。作为冲锋在改革一线的烤鸭,根据考试经验给大家揭秘新托业改革后听力和阅读题型和难度上的变化,以及如何应对改革后的托业听力与阅读考试。

首先,改革后的托业听力阅读考试有哪些变化呢?

Ø 听力部分:

听力部分考试变化主要体现在三个大方面:

1. 具体题目数量的调整:听力中part1和part2题目减少,而part3部分题目增多,总数不变(详见下表);

2. 题目出现2种新形式:part3 和part4部分加入图表题(即结合对话和图表回答问题)和推断题(推断说话者的隐含意思或转述)

l 推断题例题:

           1.Why does the woman say, “I can’t believe it”?

(A) She strongly disagrees.  (B) She would like an explanation.

(C) She feels disappointed.  (D) She is happily surprised.

听力原文:

(M-Au):Have you two taken a look at the progress they’ve made upstairs on the office expansion? It looks great!

(W-Am):I know! I can’t believe it! And the offices up there have amazing views of the city.

2. What do the men imply about the company?

(A) It was recently founded.        (B) It is planning to adjust salaries.

(C) It is in a good financial situation.  (D) It has offices in other countries.

听力原文:

(M-Cn) :Yeah. Well, the company must be making good money if they’re adding that space!

l 图表题例题:

        Look at the graphic. What size screen will the man order?

(A) 11 inches (B) 13 inches (C) 15 inches (D) 17 inches        

听力原文:

(W-Br) :Right. Well, our budget per work area is $1,000 maximum. So let’s order the system with the largest screen that falls within that price.

(M-Cn) :OK. I’ll take a look at the prices again and place the order.

3. 对话部分听力材料变化:

1) 对话中包含更短的转折和更多的交流

2) 部分对话题型将出现2名以上的对话者

3) 对话中包含省略( gonna;wanna)和不完整句子(Yes, in a minute; Down the hall; Could you?)

Ø 阅读部分:

阅读部分考试变化同样体现在三个大方面:

1. 具体题目数量的调整:part5 部分题目减少,part6 和part7题目数量增多,总数不变(详见下表)。

2. 题目出现2种新形式:part6 出现句子选择(选择正确的句子填入指定位置);part7出现句子插入题(将句子插入到正确的段落位置)

l 句子选择例题

(节选)For that reason, we are urging experienced project leaders to attend each one of the interactive seminars that will be held throughout the coming month. -------. 134.

134. (A) Let me explain our plans for on-site staff training.

(B) We hope that you will strongly consider joining us.

(C) Today’s training session will be postponed until Monday.

(D) This is the first in a series of such lectures.

l 句子插入例题

 (节选)The desired start and end date for display should be written in the front bottom right corner. — [1] —. Any notices that do not meet these requirements will not be considered and will be discarded. — [2] —.

— [3] —. Submissions are now being accepted at the Mooringtown Library front desk. Please have the actual notice, in the format in which you would like it to appear, with you when you arrive. Within one business day, you will receive a call confirming that your notice has been added to the board. — [4] —.

164. In which of the positions marked [1], [2], [3], and [4] does the following sentence best belong?

“The name and telephone number of the person posting the notice must be clearly marked on the back.”

    (A) [1] (B) [2] (C) [3] (D) [4]

3. 文本信息变化:

part7增加即时消息或在线聊天文本

part7 单篇文章增多1篇,双篇文章减少2篇

part7 增加三篇文章类型2篇

在线聊天文本示例:

总的来说,托业听力阅读考试改革后,考试能够更加公正,有效,可靠地测评考生的日常和职场英语能力,也是一项可以衡量在全球工作场所沟通中取得成功的一系列技能和必要的技能的测试。而对于备考的考生来说,这同时也是一项新的挑战和要求,那么我们该如何迎接挑战呢?

对于听力部分,无论是简单类题型的减少,还是新题型的增加,都要求考生要有扎实的听力基础,以及不仅要把握文本的大意,更要理解说话者的言外之意,同时能够真正理解在口语表达中的一些俚语和缩略语。但是,听力中涉及的场景内容是不变的,所以在备考的过程中考生需要熟悉托业考试中的常见场景,结合泛听和精听来夯实自己的基本功,再通过一定的解题技巧练习,势必能拿下托业听力。

   对于阅读部分,阅读篇章的增多以及新题型的出现,对考生阅读的速度和有效性提出了更高的要求,这其实也是现今信息爆炸的时代对我们的必然要求。那么在备考的过程中,首先考生一定要做好时间的规划,课下的限时训练是必不可少的;另外,对于阅读信息筛选的能力要加强,同时不仅要关注文本的细节信息,还要从整体篇章结构上把握文章脉络。最后,结合阅读题型和技巧练习,托业阅读高分也是 so easy.