海口学校

咨询电话

0898-36688718

首页 > 雅思 > 名师指点 >

雅思阅读中好多不认识的词,没戏了?

2018-05-21 17:03:28 编辑:陈帝芷 浏览:(245次)

雅思阅读考试中,烤鸭们往往对那陌生的单词,看不懂的文章望而却步,内心的担忧不仅影响心情还拖慢了做题速度,要知道雅思阅读一个小时的考试时间还是比较紧迫的,浪费不得。所以,烤鸭们心态一定要积极,词不认识不要紧,我们可以“猜”,哦不,是推断单词含义。当然,“猜”也是有原则的,不能盲目。下面给大家聊聊一些猜词技巧。

一、词根词缀猜词

相信大家都有听过词根词缀的概念,词根词缀猜词法也是流传已久,但没有没落,今天依旧深受吹捧,说明它还是经得起推敲,值得借鉴的。当然,使用这个猜词法之前要求烤鸭们考前先储备一定量的词根词缀,这样考试的时候才能顺手拈来。下面我们来看C6T2P2的真题例子(配对题第24题):

Questions 23-26

Complete each sentence with the correct ending, A—H, below.

Write the correct letter, A—H, in boxes 23-26 on your answer sheet.

23 Home medical aids

24 Regular amounts of exercise

25 Feelings of control over life

26 Feelings of loneliness

A may cause heart disease.

B can be helped by hormone treatment.

C may cause rises in levels of stress hormones.

D have cost the United States government more than $200 billion.

E may help prevent mental decline.

F may get stronger at night.

G allow old people to be more independent.

H can reduce stress in difficult situations.

24题根据题干Regular amounts of exercise 找到文中的同义表达daily physical activity,定位到文章第九段:

Maintaining a level of daily physical activity may help mental functioning, says Carl Cotman, a neuroscientist at the University of California at Irvine. He found that rats that exercise on a treadmill have raised levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor coursing through their brains. Cotman believes this hormone, which keeps neurons functioning, may prevent the brains of active humans from deteriorating.

在精读答案区的时候,最后一个词deteriorating发现好多同学不认识,不过先别着急,回忆一下我们的前缀de-, 这不是表示否定的方向吗?比如devalue,不就是“贬值”?所以deteriorating刚好跟E选项中decline方向一致,答案就是E

二、利用同位语

阅读中我们常会看到一个不认识的名词后跟随了一个逗号,逗号后是一个名词短语,这个名词短语就是这个名词的同位语解释。我们可以利用同位语去推测未知名词的含义。我们来看下面C9T4P1的例子

题目:

Marie and Pierre Curie’s research into the radioactivity of the mineral known as 8……… led to the discovery of two new elements.

通过观察题目,我们发现我们要填的单词处在a mineral known as ...”这个结构下,说明要填的单词是一种矿物质的名字。再利用题目中的two new elements定位到文章第五段。

原文:

Turning her attention to minerals, she found her interest drawn to pitchblende, a mineral whose radioactivity, superior to that of pure uranium, could be explained only by the presence in the ore of small quantities of an unknown substance of very high activity. Pierre Curie joined her in the work that she had undertaken to resolve this problem, and that led to the discovery of the new elements, polonium and radium.

我们在这里找到了题干中the radioactivity of the mineral的同义表达a mineral whose radioactivity,而这恰恰是前面名词pitchblende的同位语,所以就算我们不认识pitchblende这个词,也能确定答案就是它。

三、并列关系也可助一臂之力

阅读中常见的并列关系词有and, or等,并列关系前后连接的词往往具有一定的一致性。因此,如果andor连接的前后的词我们有一个不认识,那么可以利用另一个来猜单词。例如:

However, the major problems of the travel and tourism industry that have hidden, or obscured, its economic impact are the diversity and fragmentation of the industry itself.

这句话中,很多同学可能不认识obscure,但是一般都认识前面的hidden,并且发现这两个单词由or连接,所以可以推断obscure的意思跟hidden是比较接近的。

最后,需要提醒大家的是,我们做阅读题需要的是理解词的大意,不要求非得准确说出它的具体意思,更是要切忌去寻找跟它意思一样的中文单词。我们只要能够保证顺利阅读,继续往下走就可以!