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雅思听力匹配题的那些套路

2018-01-19 18:13:39 编辑:林冰冰 浏览:(317次)

雅思听力匹配题一直是烤鸭们丢分的重灾区,许多考生在面对这类题目时,往往有种不知所措的感觉,在提起笔的那一瞬间茫然失措,接着接着录音就嘎然而止,最后就只能万事随缘了。主要原因是考生不了解匹配题的出题套路,没有掌握匹配题的正确做题方法和技巧。所谓知己知彼,百战不殆,下面我们先来了解一下匹配题的特点。

从雅思剑桥真题与机经来看,匹配题共有3种类型,一种是题目多于选项,一种是题目少于选项,最后一种是题目等于选项。题目与选项相等的题目占比非常少,在剑桥真题中就出现了两次,而另外两种类型的出场率是非常高的,需要考生重点掌握,特别是选项多于题目的类型。匹配题之所以难,是因为它是雅思听力中把“同义转换”发挥得最淋漓尽致的一种题型,其中不仅涉及简单的同义词替换,同义词组替换,解释转述,还会涉及完全让考生蒙圈的推断转换和例子转换。下面我们通过一道真题来一一拆解考官的这些转换套路,拿下匹配题。

我们先来看剑桥真题8中这一道题(8-2-4

首先,通过对比题目与选项,这道题需要我们从6个选项中,选出4个能正确匹配37-40题的选项,属于选项多余题目的类型。

然后,我们需要理解这道题的意思,通过审题知道题目涉及4位不同的受访者,选项是对不同受访者的描述(时间来不及不用一一理解选项,这里干扰项太多)。

接着,我们要划出题目中的关键词,按照题目顺序进行答案定位。37street

38undergraduate   39colleague      40 tutor (注意这些名词都很有可能进行替换,考官的替换套路不仅在选项中,也会出现在题目关键词中,这就是为什么有些考生在做匹配题时晕头转向,还没上场就注定失败。)

在听的时候,抓住关键词定位后,马上记下描述人物的主要信息,然后根据笔记进行选项的匹配:(直线下划线为定位的关键词,波浪部分为主要信息)

I thought you might also be interested in some of the problems I encountered in collecting my data. There were add cases that threw me - one of the subjects who I had approached while he was.(Q37)  out shopping in town, decided to pull out when it came to the second round It was a shame as it was someone who I would like to have interviewed more closely.

And one of the(Q38)  first-year students I interviewed wanted reassurance that no names would be traceable from the answers.  I was so surprised, because they think nothing of telling you about themselves and their opinions in seminar groups!

Then, (Q39) one of people that I work with got a bit funny. The questions were quite personal and one minute he said he'd do it, then the next day he wouldn't, and in the end he did do it.  It's hard not to get angry in that situation but I tried to keep focused on the overall picture in order to stay calm.

The most bizarre case was a telephone interview I did with (Q40) teacher at a university in France. He answered all my questions in great detail - but then when I asked how much access he had to dangerous substances he wouldn't tell me exactly what his work involved. It's a real eye-opener...

从而我们发现,在关键词的替换中:

37 out shopping in town 替换street,属于推断转换;(在外面逛街推断是在街上)

38 first-year students 替换undergraduate ,属于例子替换;

(大一学生属于本科生)

39one of people that I work with 替换 colleague ,属于解释替换;

40teacher 替换 tutor,属于同义词替换。

在答案选项替换中:

37题  匹配选项B  pull out 替换  stop participating ( 同义词组替换)

38  匹配选项F  no name would be traceable 替换confidentiality

(例子替换)名字属于个人私密信息

39题  匹配选项D  do it, wouldn’t do it, did do it  替换change minds (解释替换)

40题  匹配选项C wouldnt tell his work 替换 refuse to tell their job ( 同义词替换)

总而言之,匹配题无非就是考官各种同义替换的炫技场,懂得它们的套路,平时做题时多加积累分析并通过正确的解题方法,匹配题就能分分钟拿下。